It refers to a triangle area represented by cities of Hohhot, Baotou and Ordos in the mid-west area of Inner Mongolia. The Beijing-Baotou Railway (and Highway) run through the zone, providing a ready transportation. The zone boasts diversified tourist resources, including typical desert scenery, prairie scenery, hilly landscape, custom and folkway of the Mongol ethnic group. The most famous tourist attractions are: Xilamuren Grassland, Gegen Tala Grassland, Huiten Xile Grassland, Bad Ger (Wudang) Lamasery Temple, Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, Resonant Sand Gorge and Tomb of Wang Zhaojun.
Hohhot is the capital of Inner Mongolia. Located on the Turn River Plain between the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River, it is the political, economic and cultural center of the autonomous region. Its places of historical interest and scenic beauty include the White Pagoda of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125), site of the Dayao Culture, Five-Pagoda Temple and Dazhao Lamasery. It is never too hot in summer or too cold in winter in Hohhot, the average annual atmospheric temperature being 6¢XC. Hohhot has ready transportation facilities. It has air flights to a dozen large and medium-sized cities across the country and to Ulan Bator, capital of Mongolia. With established railway and highway networks, Hohhot is an important tourist center in the mid-Inner Mongolian Scenic Zone.
The Tomb of Wang Zhaojun
The tomb, located on the bank of Dahei River some 9 km south of Hohhot City, is the mausoleum of Wang Zhaojun who in the legend was an imperial concubine during the Han Dynasty (206 BC 220 AD). The body of the tomb is an artificially rammed earth hillock, 33 meters tall. In 33 AD, Wang Zhaojun, a maid in the imperial palace of Han Dynasty volunteered a marriage to Huhanye Khan, chief of the then Hun tribe in the north. Since the marriage, Han and Hun had co-existed peacefully for 60 years. The legend goes that in late autumn, all plants and grass in the north wither. But the tomb of Wang Zhaojun is an exception, still covered with fresh and green grass.
Located at the Dazhao Qianjie in Yuquan District, Hohhot, the Lamasery was built in 1579 under the reign of Aratan Khan, chief of the Tumd Tribe. As the temple enshrines a 2.5-meter-tall statue of Buddha made completely of silver, it is also called "Silver Buddha Temple." The Third Dalai Lama from Tibet visited Dazhao to chair the "opening-the-light" Buddhist ceremony. The Lamasery boasts a large collection of religious relics, of which the silver statue of Buddha, dragon sculpture and frescos are the best known. During the reign of Emperor Kang Xi of Qing Dynasty, the main hall of the Lamasery also enshrined a gold plate with written words: Long Live Emperor, and the roof was improved with yellow glazed tiles. It therefore became an "imperial temple." Dazhao is the earliest lamasery established in the Inner Mongolian during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Harsu Lake Holiday Resort
Located by the Harsu Lake in Tumd Left Banner, Hohhot, the Harsu Holiday Resort is between Hohhot and Baotou cities, 73 km away from Hohhot and 81 km away from Baotou. The Harsu is a natural lake at the foot of the Daqingshan Mountain and on the Tumd Plain. The holiday-making village was built by the lake. Covering an area of some 27 hectares, it comprises villa, prairie and entertainment sections. Tourists visiting the place can appreciate the beautiful scenery of grassland and lake, taste local delicacies and enjoy life through modern recreational facilities including aquatic sports and activities.
Xila Muren Grassland Scenic Area
Xila Muren, located 80 km north to Hohhot, means "Yellow River" in Mongol. By the Xila Muren River is Puhui Lamasery of the Qing Dynasty which, built in 1769, used to be the summer palace of the sixth Living Buddha of Hohhot.
The lamasery consists of three layers of halls with carved beams and painted rafters, looking magnificent. Behind the lamasery is the Xila Muren River. A walk across the river bridge leads to Alben Obo to appreciate vast stretches of prairie scenery. The large-scaled architectural complex in the style of Mongolian yurt provides various activities featuring local custom and folkway.
Gegen Tala Grassland Tourism Area
Gegen Tala means "summer camp" or "summer resort" in Mongol. This scenic spot is located in Siziwang Banner, Ulanqab League, on the north side of Daqingshan Mountain, 138 km away from Hohhot. Visitors here have the chance of appreciating beautiful prairie scenery, being entertained in local herdsmen's homes, riding a Mongolian horse or a Bactrian camel on the boundless prairie. Visitors may also take a lele cart, shoot arrows, watch traditional Mongolian wrestling and horse racing, etc.
Huiteng Xile means "cold plateau" in Mongol. Located on the Huiten Xile Grassland in midsouthern part of Qahar Right Wing Middle Banner of Ulanqab League, the scenic area is 80 km away from Jining City and 135 km away from Hohhot City. Here there are fertile land and plenty of rainfall. From May to September, the land is covered with green grass and flower. Volcanic lava platform constitutes the landform of the place. The land rises and falls to form various lakes at the low-lying grounds which look like sapphires inlaid in the green grassland.
Located at the Wudang Gully deep in the Yinshan Mountain northeast to Baotou City, it is 70 km away from Baotou. Wudang means "willow" in Mongol. There is a lush growth of willows in the gorge in front of the lamasery, hence the name. Its Chinese name is "Guangjue Temple", This name was granted by Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty in 1756. The construction of the temple began during the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1662-1722) and was based on the Tashilhunbu Monastery in Tibet. It was built against the mountain and is large on scale. The temple comprises of 2,538 halls and rooms, covering some 200,000 square meters of land. The major architecture includes 10 halls and 94 dwelling buildings for lamas. According to statistics, the Wudang Lamasery houses more than 1,500 statues of Buddha made of various types of materials including gold, silver, copper, wood and earth. A large number of frescos have been preserved, which vividly depict figures in the history, custom, fairy tales, landscape, flowers and birds.
Located in the Tumd Right Banner of Baotou City, the Meidai Lamasery was first established in the Ming Dynasty, by Alatan Khan, the grandson of the 17th generation of posterity of Genghis Khan. This place had been a center of activities of Alatan. And it is the only city site of the Darning Jin State that could be found through historical records and real evidence. This was also the place where Alatan introduced the Tibetan Buddhism into Inner Mongolia. The Meidai Lamasery is a symbol of the unity of various nationalities and a key historical relic protected by the state.
Resonant Sand Gorge
Located at the northern edge of Ordos Kubqi Desert in the Dalad Banner, the Resonant Sand Gorge is 45 km off Baotou City. It has a dune rising up to 90 meters high with a slope of about 45 degrees. When people climb to its summit and slide down, they will hear a rumbling sound just like that of a car or a train. Resonant sand has long been a mystery of nature beyond man's knowledge. There, people can drive a sand-slipper down from the summit of the dune. They can also ride a camel and enjoy the performance of local dances and songs.
Situation in the Ejin Horo Banner of Ordos City, the mausoleum, covering 55,544 square meters, consists of three Mongolian yurtshaped halls with colorful glazed tiles. Its main building includes a gate arch imitating the style of a Ming period's city tower and three inter-linking yurtstyle great halls, involving a main hall, and the east and west wing halls together with east and west corridors in addition to a back hall. In front of the main hall, there stands a 5-meter-tall sculptured statue of white marble of Genghis Khan. Before the statue, an incense-burner is laid with a butter-oil lamp illuminating forever. In the back hall, the coffins of Genghis Khan and his wife were laid. In the east hall, the coffins of his fourth son, and his wife were also laid. In the west hall, a row of nine long spearheads was on display to symbolize the nine great generals of Genghis Khan, together with a broad knife and a horsewhip he had used in wars. On the 21st of March, 15th of May, and 12th of September, and the 3rd of October in lunar calendar every year, his posterity Darhut people will hold grand memorial ceremony with sacrificial offerings there. In 2000, it was appraised as the state 4A-level tourism area.
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