Southeast of the Fragrant Hills just 18 kllocreters from Beijingproper, the Beijing Botanical Gardens were established in 1955.
The original plan of the gardens was to incorporate 119 hectares. Today the gardens sprawl aver only half that area (56.4 hectares), including the 20.7-hectares of exhibition areas, 17.2 hectares of experimental plots, 1,820 square meters of greenhouses and 3,000 square meters of experimental facilitles. The gardens include a dozen exhibition districts and halls, such as the tree garden, a perennial bulb garden, a rose garden, a peony garden, a traditional Chinese medical herb garden, a wild fruit resources district, an environment protection plant district, a water and vine plant district, an endangered plant district, and exhibition greenhouses for tropical and subfnpical plants.
The gardens cultivate 6,000 species of plant, including 2,000 kinds of frees and bushes, 1,620 varieties of tropical and subtropical plants, 500 species of flowers and 1,900 kinds of fruit trees, water plants, traditional Chinese medical herbs, and many arolnahc and oil-bearing plants.
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