Jingdezhen, formerly spelt Ching Teh Chen and known as
the "Ceramics Metropolis" of China, is a synonym for Chinese porcelain.
Xinping or Changnanzhen in history, it is situated in the northeastern part of Jiangxi
Province in a small basin rich in fine kaolin, hemmed by mountains which keep it supplied
with firewood from their conifers. People there began to produce ceramics as early as
1,800 years ago in the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the Jingde Period (1004-1007), Emperor
Zhenzong of the the Song Dynasty decreed that Changnanzhen should produce the porcelain
used by the imperial court, with each inscribed at the bottom "Made in the Reign of
Jingde". From then on people began to call all chinaware bearing such inscriptions
"porcelain of Jingdezhen. "
The ceramic industry
experienced further development at Jingdezhen during the Ming and Qing
dynasties or from the 14th to the 19th century. When
skills became perfected and the general quality more refined, government kilns were set up
to cater exclusively to the need of the imperial house.
ancient ceramics metropolis, has been regenerated with new vigor since the founding of New
China. It now boasts a ceramic research institute and a ceramic museum in addition to five
kaoltn quarries, 15 porcelain factories, two porcelain machinery plants, one porcelain
chemical plant, two refractory materials factories and dozens of porcelain processing
As the leading
centre of the porcelain industry, Jingdezhen has been put under state protection also as
an important historical city. With 133 ancient buildings and cultural sites, it is a
tourist town attracting large numbers of visitors from home and abroad.