The city was formerly called Kashgar where the northern and the southern Silk Route joined. It was the capital of the Shule State 2,000 years ago.
Travelers taking could reach India in the south and Rouzhi and Persia in the west. The city now has a highway leading to Pakistan. AS an important post on the Silk Road, Kashi has a quite developed culture since ancient times, especially noted for its carving patterns, art crafts and folk singing and dancing.
It has kept the Uygur folk customs with a rich national flavor. Major spots of interest include the Id Kah Mosque, Abakh Hoja tombs (Tomb of the Fragrant Concubine), the Moslem scholar Mahmut Kashgar's Mausoleum, and the Big Bazaar.
Kashi was a commodity distributing center 2,000 years ago and the Bazaar of Kashi the earliest international market in the western part of China.
Today, the Bazaar is very brisk and prosperous with abundant supplies. The embroidered caps of the Uygurs, knives from Yengisar, silk fabrics, pottery and musical instruments are still the customers' favorites. Snacks of various national flavors also attract large crowds of visitors.
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