Ancient City of GaochangAn important gateway on the ancient Silk Road, situated near the Flaming Mountain 40 km southeast of Turpan. In the first century, military units of the Western Han Dynasty doing farm work there established a rampart called Gaochangbi.
Later it developed into a political, economic and cultural center along with historical changes. Monk Xuan Zang (602-664) of the Tang Dynasty had preached in the city for the King of Gaochang during his pilgrimage to India for Buddhist scripture. Gaochang city consists of three parts: the outer city, the inner city and the palace city. The city walls are fairly well preserved and some other remains can still be seen.
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