Customs of the Manchus
The Manchus, one of China's ethnic tribes, have a time-honored history
and culture. They have unique headwear and clothing decorations and
use wooden bowls, wooden ladles, and wooden basins. All their houses
have the door open to the south. Men and women are not allowed to find
marriage partners of the same surname and both of the partners must
be bannermen and bannerwomen. The Manchu people are good at singing
and dancing. They love such sports as wrestling, horsemanship, and ice
skating. Before the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), the Manchus believed in
Shamanism. Later, Buddhism, Lamaism, and Taoism spread among them, a
result of long years' contacts with the Mongolians and the Hans. They
came under the influence of Catholicism and Christianity. The Manchu
Folk Custom Village of Hantun, on the eastern bank of the Songhua River
north of the Ming Dynasty town of Wulajie in Yongji County, is an ideal
place for tourists to learn the customs of the Manchu ethnic group.
The village features typical Manchu houses. There, tourists may have
a taste of the local food, watch performances of Manchu songs and dances,
and participate in traditional Manchu sports.
Customs of the Koreans
The Koreans in Yanbian are an ethnic group with a unique style of living.
They build their houses with a wooden framework and a roof covered with
rice straw. Men wear sleeveless
jacketes over wide-legged trousers, and women wear short jackets tied
in front with a long ribbon and straight or wraparound skirts. Wrestling,
springboard, and swinging are the popular sports. The Korean people
observe various festivals, including Shousui (Lunar New Year), Shangyuan
(Lantern), Hanshi (Pure Brightness), Duanwu (Dragon Boat), Qiuxi (Mid-Autumn),
and Dongzhi (Winter Solstice) festivals. The best places to learn the
Korean customs are Hongqi Village in Antui County and Longshan Korean
Folk Custom Village in Longjing City. The former is 140 kilometers from
Yanji City, while the latter is 10 kilometers south of Yanji City and
9 kilometers west of Longjing City.