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Huanxiu (Circular Grace) Mountain Villa


Located in the Suzhou Embroidery Research Institute on the western section of Jingde Road in the center of the ancient city of Suzhou, the Huanxiu Mountain Villa is a famed classical garden dating back to the Qing Dynasty.

The mountain villa covers an area of three mu, with halls arranged in front of a garden. Rockwork encircled by a pool forms the centerpiece of the entire garden. To the west of the pool are a side chamber and a corridor. The rockwork, constructed by Ge Yuliang, an expert in piling up "artificial mountains", in 1807, or the 12th year of the Jiaqing Reign of the Ming Dynasty, is the most outstanding agglomeration of rocks among all the gardens in Suzhou.


The rockwork covers 0.5 mu of land and rises six meters above the ground and seven meters above the water surface. The interior of the rockwork is a maze of paths, caves, running streams, stone chambers, secluded ravines, and surging peaks.

Its imposing form arranged in a diversity of forms, this rockwork blends perfectly with the scenes in the entire garden to impart an other-worldly appearance redolent of the wonderland and to evoke memory of a masterpiece of traditional Chinese landscape painting.

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