Province is located in the middle part of the Silk Road
between Xinjiang Yygur autonomous Region and Shanxi Province
in the Northwest China. It covers and area of 454,000 sq.
km with the population of 24 million. Lanzhou is the capital
of the province.
Proud of its long history, Ganzu is one of the cradles
of Chinese ancient civilization. It is the birthplace of
Fu Xi, the Chinere ancestor well known for its great inventions
in Eight-digram, charcters and calendar. The initial farming
also appeared here in earlier Zhou period, 3000 years agao.
The cultural relics in Ganzu fall mainly into the Neolithic
culture, the Yellow River culture, and the Great Wall culture
representing the history of the civilization of the Chinese
people for 8000 year. Meanwhiel, the Silk Road culture in
Ganzu has drawn attention from other parts.
Gansu has always been a must along Silk Road, and an important
thoroughfare of culture and trade between China and the
west. Over the past 2000 year, from the loess plateau in
the east to the Gobi-desert in the west, there had been
groups of famous figures like envoy Zhang Qian, mond Xuan
Zang and Marco Polo advancing through mountains and over
Gansu is reputed as the Golden Section along the road,
and regarded as "The Hometown of Grotto Arts."
The most popular ones are Mogao Grattoes, Maijiashan Grottoes
and Bingling Si Grottoes. In addition, there are many attractive
historical sites along the Silk Road, such as temples, monasteries,
Great Wall, towers, pagodas, tablets and ancient castles.
The majestic and charming natural sceneary in Gansu, include
the endliess plateau prairie, vast expanse of Gobi-desert,
magnificent loess plateau and grotesque Danxia landform
as well as snow-capped mountains.
Province is rich in mixed cultures of Budddhism, Islam,
Christiannity, Confucionism and Taoism due to its position
along the Silk Rroad , therefrom many religious cultureal
relics have become major component of the Silk Road cultur,
and ethnic groups like Tibetan, Hui, Yugur and Mongolian
carry onecivilization and their colorful folklore will enliven
the Silk Road tour.
The means of modern communications shoten the distance
of travel on the Silk Road, although afar on the map. Today,
the Silk Road tour is never only by camal and the modern
airlines, railway make Silk Road Tour in Gansu more convienient.